Radiation is an invisible sword, which can be harmful to human health in the invisible, especially for pregnant women, and serious miscarriage. Therefore, in this era of serious radiation pollution, it is necessary for people to wear anti-radiation clothing to effectively shield the radiation.
When it comes to radiation protection, the first thing many people think of is nuclear radiation shielding clothing. In fact, the shielding clothing suitable for pregnant women is radiation protection. So, what's the difference between a nuclear radiation shielding suit and a radiation suit?
I. radiation protective clothing.
Nuclear radiation shielding clothes is known as the ray shielding clothes, it is specially developed for X ray and γ ray, mainly used in nuclear radiation accident emergency rescue, nuclear explosion environment (the atomic bomb, power plant explosion), nuclear accident, anti-terrorism squad, military special forces and police counter-terrorism team, plant radioactive equipment maintenance, etc. The nuclear radiation shielding clothes can be divided into various types according to different working conditions, such as closed type, even body type, white coat and so on. These styles have long sleeves, short sleeves, sleeveless, apron, glandular protection, and lower body protection.
2. Radiation shielding clothes.
Radiation shielding clothes is also known as electromagnetic radiation shielding clothing. It is mixed with fiber and textile fiber, and the manufacturing process is more complicated. The anti-radiation clothing on the market is mostly civilian, and the audience is mainly pregnant women and special professionals. The fabric is mainly made of metallic fabric and silver fiber fabric.
The radiation protective clothing is to make use of the loop of metal fibers in the garment to produce induced current, and the induced current generates the reverse electromagnetic field to block. A metal conductor can reflect electromagnetic waves, that is, when the aperture of a metal mesh is less than a quarter of the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave (wavelength = light/frequency), electromagnetic waves cannot penetrate the metal net.
3， the difference between radiation shielding clothing and radiation shielding clothing
A) the radiation of protection is different:
The main difference between nuclear radiation shielding clothing and radiation shielding clothing is "nuclear radiation" and "Electromagnetic radiation". Nuclear radiation shielding mainly blocks X, γ, β and α particles. These radiations can be devastating to human beings, and ordinary people can hardly reach them. Radiation-shielding clothing is mainly shield the Electromagnetic radiation from ordinary household appliances in daily life and work place. This Electromagnetic radiation has a cumulative process of harm to human body, and the harm is gradual.
B) the applicable population is different:
Nuclear radiation shielding clothes are used for nuclear accident emergency rescue, nuclear explosion environment (the atomic bomb, power plant explosion), nuclear accident, anti-terrorism squad, military special forces and police counter-terrorism team, plant radioactive equipment maintenance, etc., these people is almost not to contact, in other words, radiation proof clothes is mainly used in military industry;
Electromagnetic Radiation shielding clothing is mainly used for daily life and workers, in other words, the Electromagnetic radiation shielding suits are mainly used for civilian purposes.
C) different clothing materials:
The nuclear radiation shielding materials are mainly made by lead and rare earth materials, and the materials of Electromagnetic radiation shielding are mainly of metal fiber and silver fiber.